Physiotherapy, kinesiology, occupational therapy in neuro… How to decide?

There are so many different areas in the health care world. So much so that it can become challenging to navigate. Which professional do you need? This is what we will try to clarify here.


In rehabilitation, physiotherapy is often the first step. After an incident or an injury, it is the professional that we consult to be able to return to our usual lifestyles. After the clinical evaluation, its objective is to restore physical health and mobility through goal-specific exercises or mobilizations.

In neurology, the physiotherapist will identify functional goals such as walking, balance work, improving autonomy on transfers, and others. He will then work with you to teach you techniques or give you various exercises to help you achieve these goals.
The physiotherapist can also help you with the management and treatment of pain and spasticity.

In physiotherapy, the main goal is to help you regain the maximum of your physical capacities according to your condition.

Physiotherapy can be practiced by physiotherapists or physical rehabilitation therapists who are members of the OPPQ.

Occupational therapy

In neurology, occupational therapy often accompanies physiotherapy in the early stages of rehabilitation. The two areas are complementary. The goal of occupational therapy is to support the person in the practice of daily activities, such as dressing, showering, eating, and others.

To do this, the occupational therapist will assess the way you perform your activities. He will then suggest exercises and adaptations to make it easier while giving you advice on effective methods. In particular, it is the occupational therapists who assess your home and its adaptation. They can also provide you with suitable utensils or clothing, or give you tools according to your needs.

In occupational therapy, the main goal is to help you be functional in your daily activities through education and adaptation to your environment.

Occupational therapy is practiced by occupational therapists who are members of the OEQ).


Kinesiology, for its part, is found more in prevention, improvement of sports performance or recovery. It is the health professional specializing in physical activity. Once again very complementary to the other two approaches, its objective is more in the area of physical conditioning and healthy lifestyle habits. In particular, it targets the muscular system, the cardio-respiratory or cardiovascular system in order to improve endurance, muscular strengthening and flexibility work.

The kinesiologist will evaluate your physical condition and set up a conditioning program adapted to your needs. You can then do this program on your own or decide to take sessions with your kinesiologist so that he or she can supervise you. In neurology, the kinesiologist will adapt the exercises according to your abilities and may target elements that are specific to your condition. In a rehabilitation context, the kinesiologist will work in collaboration with the physiotherapist, he will be able to target the muscle groups that you need to improve your transfers, walking, balance, etc.

In kinesiology, the main goal is to condition and allow you to stay active in order to allow your body to be and stay healthy. Kinesiology is practiced by kinesiologists, they are members of the FKQ.